Although Bilbao is a relatively small city, it is rich in history. Founded in 1300 by Vizcayan merchants, the city has since undergone significant development and the result of centuries of careful urban planning. The city’s vernacular architecture boasts a mix of styles, mostly Renaissance, Neoclassical and Liberty. The old town centre preserves its medieval shape largely intact with narrow streets, while the broader avenues and squares of the newer districts provide a pleasing contrast. In this post, we will show you what they are and what you should know to visit Bilbao.
The history of Bilbao dates back to 1300 BC when the area was inhabited by the first people called “Berbers”. Over time, Bilbao grew into a major port for trade and commerce because of its location on the estuary of Bilbao River. The city was later conquered by Romans and then Visigoths. In 1603, King Felipe III ordered construction of an ironworks factory at Bizcaya River which later became famous as “El Ensanche” district today. Bilbao became part of Spain during 14th century and remained under Spanish rule until 1876 when it was ceded to France after defeat in War of Spanish Succession (1702-1714). After French rule ended in 1814, Spain regained control over Bilbao until 1823 when it was again ceded to France after defeat in War against Napoleon I.
There’s a lot to do in Bilbao, too. If you’re planning a trip, here are the places that are absolutely worth a visit. If you love art and architecture, check out the Guggenheim Museum and its surrounding park. The museum has works by Picasso, Miro, and Kandinsky on display, and it’s one of the most visited museums in the world. If you’re looking for a fun activity, head over to La Casa de Juntas de Vizcaya. It’s an old building that was once used as an assembly place for representatives from different regions in Spain during the 18th century. It’s now a beautiful museum that showcases many of their old documents and artifacts from this time period. For something more naturalistic in nature, head to the Euskal Herria Txingudi Park which is located right next to the city center where most of these other places are located anyway! This park has over 200 hectares (500 acres) of land full of hiking trails through forests as well as lakes where people can rent boats or go fishing if they want (or just sit around watching others do so).
Bilbao also has quite a few festivals that you should check out! The first one is called “La Semana Grande de Bilbao”. It is one of the biggest festivals in Spain. It happens in July and it lasts for three days. People from all over the world come here to celebrate with their families and friends. The festival has many different activities like concerts and parades. Another important festival in Bilbao is “La Fiesta del Agua”. This festival happens every year on August 15th and it celebrates the water that comes from the river Nervión during summer months (when there’s no rain). During this celebration there are fireworks and music concerts, which makes it very special indeed!